CERN continues with their incredible discoveries, bringing to the table whole new physics. After the discovery of Higgs Boson, disproving the existence of the paranormal and finding evidence of a new manifestation of mater-antimatter asymmetry, this time they discovered entirely new five sub-atomic particles. Revealing of these particles can help scientists to explain how the centers of atoms are held together.

A typical LHCb event fully reconstructed. Particles identified as pins, kaon, etc. are shown in different colors. Image Credit: LHCb collaboration

The latest addition to CERN’s accelerator complex, The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), is the most powerful particle accelerator in the world ever built. As one of the most massive projects in the physicist world, LHC thanks to its structure force particles to collide at a speed close to the speed of light. These collisions cause ordinary matter to melt into quarks and gluons, allowing physicists to exam the very fundamental particles of the Standard Model.

The LHCb collaboration announced an exceptional discovery. Physicists at the European Organization for Nuclear Research ( CERN ) have found new subatomic particles all in a single analysis. What this discovery makes so unique is that the particles are five different forms of a so-called Omega-c baryon.

The control room for the Large Hadron Collider beauty experiment which is part of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva, responsible for discoveries of particles

Omega-c baryon is one exotic particle discovered in 1994. Made of three quarks, called “strange” and “charm” belongs to the family of protons and neutrons. Physicists have assumed that there must be several heavier version of Omega, but they never managed to detect them, until now. Newly discovered particles are five different states of Omega, also containing three quarks, but with more energy than their older Omega sibling. After determining the quantum number of these five new particles and its theoretical importance, physicists will be able to further understand the relationship between quarks and multiquarks states.

The biggest expectations of this discovery are the solving the mystery how the nuclei of atoms are stuck together. Namely, the quarks are held together by the nuclear strong force. Physicists already have a theory to explain this force, known as quantum chromodynamics, but using this theory for predictions requires extremely complex calculation.

CERN, as the place of largest international scientific collaboration, have enough knowledge and resources to open a new era of fundamental physic and contribute to a better understanding of the universe.